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20° - Master Ad Vitam

Scottish Rite, NMJ 20th Degree: Master Ad Vitam poster


The 20th degree demonstrates fraternity and equality. In this degree, Benedict Arnold seeks pardon for his treason. We learn to comprehend Deity, the forces of nature, and good and evil.


Treason is a crime over which Masonry casts no mantle of charity.


Integrity & Devotion to Country

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See the 20° - Master Ad Vitam at the Valleys below.


The Degrees of the Consistory

The Consistory is responsible for conferring the 19th through the 32nd degrees. These degrees demonstrate the challenges of social and moral conflicts, drawing on lessons from the age of chivalry through modern day.

The term "Consistory" comes from the Latin consistere (“stand firm”), which led to the term consistorium (“assembly place”). Historically, the word consistory has referred to either a council of the advisors of Roman emperors or the papal consistory, a meeting of the Cardinals of the Roman Catholic Church. Within Freemasonry, Consistory refers to an assembly of Scottish Rite officers who, under the auspices of the Supreme Council, grant degrees.

Learn more about the Consistory

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Become a 32° Freemason